Literally "chief bishop" in Greek. The title first referred to metropolitans (q.v.) of great importance, e.g., those of Rome and Alexandria (qq.v.). From the fifth century the title was given to the five patriarchs (q.v.). It also came to apply to the heads of autocephalous (q.v.) churches, e.g., to the patriarch of the church of Cyprus (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Archbishop — • An archbishop or metropolitan, in the present sense of the term, is a bishop who governs a diocese strictly his own, while he presides at the same time over the bishops of a well defined district composed of simple dioceses but not of provinces …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Archbishop — Arch bish op, n. [AS. arcebisceop, arcebiscop, L. archiepiscopus, fr. Gr. archiepi skopos. See {Bishop}.] A chief bishop; a church dignitary of the first class (often called a metropolitan or primate) who superintends the conduct of the suffragan …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • archbishop — (n.) O.E. ærcebiscop, from L.L. archiepiscopus, from Gk. arkhi chief (see ARCHON (Cf. archon)) + episkopos bishop, lit. overseer. Replaced earlier O.E. heah biscop (see BISHOP (Cf. bishop)). The spelling conformed to Latin from 12c …   Etymology dictionary

  • archbishop — ► NOUN ▪ the chief bishop responsible for a large district …   English terms dictionary

  • archbishop — [ärch′bish′əp] n. [ME archebishop < OE arcebisceop < LL(Ec) archiepiscopus < LGr(Ec) archiepiskopos < Gr archos (see ARCH ) + episkopos, overseer: see BISHOP] a bishop of the highest rank, who presides over an archbishopric or… …   English World dictionary

  • Archbishop — In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. In the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion and others, this means that they lead a diocese of particular importance called an archdiocese, or in the Anglican Communion an… …   Wikipedia

  • archbishop — /ahrch bish euhp/, n. a bishop of the highest rank who presides over an archbishopric or archdiocese. [bef. 900; ME; OE arcebisceop (arce ARCH 1 + bisceop BISHOP), modeled on LL archiepiscopus < Gk archiepískopos; r. OE heahbisceop (see HIGH)] *… …   Universalium

  • archbishop — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ Anglican, Roman Catholic ▪ cardinal (AmE) VERB + ARCHBISHOP ▪ be appointed (as), be consecrated, become, be ent …   Collocations dictionary

  • archbishop — [[t]ɑ͟ː(r)tʃbɪ̱ʃəp[/t]] archbishops N COUNT; N TITLE In the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican Churches, an archbishop is a bishop of the highest rank, who is in charge of all the bishops and priests in a particular country or region. ...the… …   English dictionary

  • archbishop — UK [ɑː(r)tʃˈbɪʃəp] / US [ɑrtʃˈbɪʃəp] noun [countable] Word forms archbishop : singular archbishop plural archbishops a priest of the highest rank in some Christian churches who is responsible for all the churches in a particular area …   English dictionary

  • archbishop —    An Anglican archbishop is normally addressed in this way: a Roman Catholic archbishop is addressed formally as ‘your Grace’ …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

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